Manor park in Malacky
The manor park in Malacky is almost 30 hectares of land spreading around the Pálffy manor house.
It is a very popular place with a touch of history that offers relaxation, active recreation and sports activities.
The park is open to the public year-round and you can reach it within 10-minute walk from the centre. If you decide to come by car, you can comfortably park your car at the nearby parking lots.
The park is popular among families with children, as you can enjoy pleasant walks and observe local fauna and flora and there is also a playground with an enclosed play area. Sports enthusiasts will appreciate a running track of more than 2 km and a publicly accessible pitch with hard surface suitable for ball games and the possibility of ice skating in winter.
The park was established together with the manor house in the 17th century and, like the manor house itself, went through various changes. The originally French park was transformed into an English one at the turn of the 19th century.
At the end of the 19th century, the design of the park was at its aesthetic height and historical sources suggest that its English garden was one of the most beautiful parks in the county. Its maintenance was neglected in the 20th century and the park changed dramatically over time.
Little attention was paid to the greenery of the park after 1920, when a dormitory and grammar school were established here. Even though the lawns were regularly mowed, damaged vegetation was never replanted. After 1948, barely any maintenance was carried out in the park. The former productive garden that decayed together with the buildings was replaced by a sports society pitch and a traffic playground in the western part of the park. Around 1950, when the manor house building was used as a hospital, a stadium was built on the mounds created by landscaping of the park. The greenery was partially preserved but no attention was paid to it and it was overgrown gradually.
The construction of a hospital on the main field east of the manor house began in 1960, inevitably damaging the original design of the park.
Duet to the construction of new infrastructure (railroad overpass, highway connection), many parts of the original linden tree alley were cut down. The last original lindens were removed in 1969 as they were in a poor condition and posed a risk to the visitors.
In 1970, the park was cleaned up and plane trees were planted instead of lindens.
Originally, the ratio of coniferous and deciduous trees was around 1:1, however, the number of coniferous trees has shrunk significantly over time. Around 90 % of bushes disappeared and areas of meadows decreased by half.
The road layout of the park changed, coloured curbs decayed and new pathways have been created. The swimming pool was in desperate condition and the statue from the original fountain was moved to the square. Grotto with the statue of Virgin Mary dilapidated and only the remains can be found in its place. Lighting leading to the main entrance was installed as well as concrete-wooden benches.
Only two buildings were preserved in the park apart from the manor house – the gardener's house above the pitch and the guard's house near the Black Gate. Another guardhouse was located at the White Gate; it was torn down in the 20th century.
In 2012, the town had commissioned a project of the manor park renovation. Its aim is to bring back the clear design of the greenery structure, stemming from the comparison of historical materials and current condition.
The park, as well as the manor house, is recorded in the protected list of monuments.